upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 41 to 43

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 41

Forty first pAsuram. He mercifully speaks about the glory of ARAyirappadi vyAkyAnam [one padi comprises 32 words] which was composed mercifully by thirukkurugaippirAn piLLAn for thiruvAimozhi.

theLLArum gyAnath thirukkurukaippirAn
piLLAn edhirAsar pEraruLAl – uLLArum
anbudanE mARan maRaip poruLai anRu uraiththadhu
inba migu ARAyiram

thirukkurugaippirAn piLLAn was considered by yathirAjar, also known as SrIbhAshyakArar, as his gyAnappuththiran (foster son through his wisdom). With the causeless mercy of yathirAjar as well as his devotion towards thiruvAimozhi and the compassion towards chEthanas (sentient entities), piLLAn wrote a commentary during the time of emperumAnAr himself, for thiruvAimozhi, which gave lot of happiness to the followers. This was called as ARAyirappadi and was about the size of SrI vishNu purANam.

pAsuram 42

Forty second pAsuram. He talks about the glory of onbadhinAyirappadi vyAkhyAnam, mercifully written by nanjIyar.

tham sIrai gyAniyargaL thAm pugazhum vEdhAnthi
nanjIyar thAm battar nallaruLAl – enjAdha
Arvamudan mARan maRaip poruLai Ayndhuraiththadhu
Er onbadhinAyiram

Knowledgeable people who know SAsthram, will celebrate the greatness of nanjIyar, also known as vEdhAnthi. This is because he was an expert on vEdhAntham (upanishaths). The commentary, mercifully given by such nanjIyar, with the mercy of his AchAryan bhattar, without any deficiency in his devotion, for nammAzhwAr’s thiruvAimozhi, and which was analysed well, is called as onbadhinAyirappadi. nanjIyar was reformed by bhattar through his great mercy and learnt the meanings of sampradhAyam from bhattar himself. He had the greatness of having conducted kAlakshEpam (discourse) for thiruvAimozhi, a hundred times. This onbadhinAyirappadi is the size of SrI bhAshyam.

pAsuram 43

Forty third pAsuram. Next, he mercifully states the glory of irubaththu nAlAyirappadi vyAkhyAnam, mercifully written by periyavAchchAn piLLai for thiruvAimozhi.

nampiLLai thammudaiya nallaruLAl Eviyida
pin periyavAchchAn piLLai adhanAl – inbA
varubaththi mARan maRaip poruLaich chonnadhu
irubaththi nAlAyiram

nampiLLai, who is also celebrated as lOkAchAryar, with his great mercy, commanded one of his important disciples, periyavAchchAn piLLai, who is also known as vyAkhyAnach chakravarthy (emperor among commentators, due to his vast knowledge), to write a commentary for thiruvAimozhi. Taking that command as the reason, the vyAkyhAnam mercifully written by periyacAchchAn piLLai for thiruvAimozhi, which was mercifully composed with joy, by nammAzhwAr, who had devotion born out of emperumAn’s compassion, is irubaththu nAlAyirappadi. This is the same size as SrI rAmAyaNam.

Sources: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-41/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-42/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-43/

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