upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 29 and 30

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 29

Twenty ninth pAsuram. He tells his heart to keep thinking about the glory of this great day of chiththirai thiruvAdhirai.

endhai  edhirAsar ivvulagail endhamakkA
vandhu udhiththa vAsiyinAl – indhath
thiruvAdhirai thannin sIrmai thanai nenjE
oruvAmal eppozhudhum Or

Oh heart! Keep analysing the greatness of this chiththirai thiruvAdhirai day, when yathirAja (rAmAnujar) incarnated in this world, and experience the joy.

In the previous pAsurams, he had instructed to the world. In this pAsuram, he involves with the glory of this eminent day and enjoys it. Just as emperumAnAr himself had experienced in his SaraNAgathi gadhyam “akila jagath swAmin! asmath swAmin!” (Oh lord of all the worlds! Oh my lord!) mAmunigaL too enjoys in the earlier pAsurams, the great benefits done by emperumAnAr to the world, and in this pAsuram, he enjoys the benefits done by emperumAnAr to him.

pAsuram 30

Thirtieth pAsuram. Until now, mAmunigaL had greatly celebrated the days of incarnation of the AzhwArs. Starting with this pAsuram, over the next four pAsurams, he celebrates the places where they had incarnated. In this pAsuram, he mercifully speaks about the places where the first three AzhwArs, thirumangai AzhwAr and thiruppANAzhwAr had incarnated. SrI ayOdhyA and SrI mathurA are the divine abodes where emperumAn had incarnated [as SrI rAma and SrI krishNa, respectively]. The places where AzhwArs incarnated have a greatness which is more than that of the above mentioned divine abodes since we knew of emperumAn only after the incarnation of AzhwArs.

eNNarum sIrp poygai munnOr ivvulagil thOnRiya Ur
vaNmai migu kachchi mallai mAmayilai – maNNiyil nIr
thEngum kuRaiyalUr sIrk kaliyan thOnRiya Ur
Ongum uRaiyUr pANan uR

mudhal AzhwArs, viz. poygaiyAzhwAr, bhUdhaththAzhwAr and pEyAzhwAr have innumerable auspicious qualities. The places where they incarnated are the opulent kAnchIpuram (thiruvehkA), thirukkadanmallai (present day mahAbalipuram) and thirumayilai, respectively. thirukkuRaiyalUr, which is abundant with water from the river maNNi, is the place where the eminent thirumangai AzhwAr incarnated. uRaiyUr, also known as thirukkOzhi, which has high stature, is the place where thiruppANAzhwAr incarnated.

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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