upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 14 and 15

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 14

Fourteenth pAsuram. mAmunigaL celebrates the great day of vaikASi viSAka star, on which nammAzhwAr, who revealed the meanings of vEdhas in simple thamizh and who has the other AzhwArs as his limbs, incarnated.

ErAr vaigAsi visAgaththin ERRaththaip
pArOr aRiyap pagarginREn – sIrArum
vEdham thamizh seydha meyyan ezhil kurugai
nAdhan avadhariththa nAL

I will tell the greatness of vaikASi viSAkam which is eminent, for the people of the world to know well. It is the day on which nammAzhwAr, who is truthful and who composed the eminently apt meanings of vEdhas in beautiful thamizh, incarnated. Being truthful is saying honestly about an entity, the way he/it is. Eminence for vEdhas is that they have apaurushEyathvam (not written by any person), they have svatha pramANathvam (they sustain by themselves; they do not depend on anyone for sustenance) etc. Yet another eminence for vEdhas is that they speak only about SrIman nArAyaNa’s svarUpam (basic nature), rUpam (divine form) and gUnas (auspicious qualities). Composing the meanings in thamizh would refer to his mercifully explaining the inner meanings of vEdhas and vEdhAnthas (upanishaths) in his four works of thiruviruththam (rig vEdha), thiruvAsiriyam (yajur vEdha), periya thiruvandhAdhi (atharvaNa vEdha and thiruvAimozhi (sAma vEdha), so that we all could understand well.

pAsuram 15

Fifteenth pAsuram. mAmunigaL enjoys the greatness of AzhwAr, the day on which he incarnated, the place and his work, thiruvAimozhi and explains these.

uNdo vaigAsi visAgaththukku oppu oru nAL
uNdO sadagOparkku oppu oruvar – uNdO
thiruvAimozhikku oppu then kurugaikku uNdO
oru pAr thanil okkum Ur

Will any other day equal the greatness of this divine vaikASi viSAkam day when nammAzhwAr, who praised sarvESvaran (lord of all) SrIman nArAyaNa and his wealth such that they gained eminence, incarnated? [no]. Is there anyone who matches the greatness of satakOpar also known as nammAzhwAr? [none among sarvESvaran,nithyas, mukthas and people of this world would equal him]. Is there a prabandham which explains in detail the essence of vEdhas? [no]. Is there a place which matches thirukkurugUr which mercifully gave him to us? (it is the place which gives equal fame to both AdhinAthar perumAL and nammAzhwAr. It is the divine abode where emperumAn’s supremacy is effulgent, in archAvathAram [idol form]. It is the place where, four thousand years ahead of his incarnation, the divine vigraha (idol) of emperumAnAr incarnated due to nammAzhwAr’s mercy. It is the divine abode where emperumAnAr’s reincarnation, maNavALa mAmunigaL incarnated). Since it adds to the greatness of emperumAn, AzhwAr and AchAryas, it is celebrated with triple greatness.

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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