SrIvishNu sahasranAmam – 70 (Names 691 to 700)

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691) pUrayithA (पूरयिता)

If bhagavAn is ‘pUrNa:’ as seen in the previous divine name, then why would he expect us to even praise him with various hymns? It is because he wants to fulfil all our desires. This is shown in this divine name ‘pUrayithA’ – the one who fulfils all desires.

This clearly shows he doesn’t long for any prayers, but only considers such prayers in order to fulfil one’s desires.

Etymology: He who is always abiding by his nature of fulfilling the desires of all those who praise him is called ‘pUrayithA’.

सदा पूरयितुं शीलं यस्य स्तॊतृमनॊरथान् |
स स्यात् पूरयिता |

692) puNya: (पुण्यः) (also repeated in 925)

Furthermore, bhagavAn even purifies a sinner and makes that soul also eligible for praying unto him. Thus, he is called ‘puNya:’.

The root ‘pUnj’ पूञ् (to purify) loses the ‘dhIrgha’, and gets the ‘Nuk’ and ‘yath’ (णुक् यत्) adjuncts, resulting in this divine name.

Etymology: That bhagavAn himself is called ‘puNya:’, because he purifies sinful souls.

पुण्यः सॊsपि पातकिपावनः |

693) puNyakIrthi: (पुण्यकीर्तिः)

Even the glorification of bhagavAn’s divine names is sufficient to purify a soul. Thus, bhagavAn is called ‘puNyakIrthi:’ – the one whose glorification is purifying.

This is hailed thus in the vishNu purANa:

  • “Oh maithrEya, the singing of divine names of bhagavAn itself frees a soul from infinite sins, just as shrubs are burnt down by fire”
  • “Even if a person chants his names involuntarily, yet he/she shall be freed of all their sins immediately, with all such sins running away like deer in sight of a lion”
  • “That – which is accomplished by meditation in krutha yuga, offering oblations in thrEtha yuga, and by physically worshipping bhagavAn in the dhvApara yuga – shall be accomplished by mere chanting of bhagavAn’s divine names in this kali yuga”, etc.

It is for the same reason that knowledgeable men attribute the purifying capacity to the holy hymns that sing the glories of bhagavAn.

Etymology: He whose praises are themselves purifying is called ‘puNyakIrthi:’.

पुण्यश्लॊकॊsस्ति यस्यॆति पुण्यकीर्तिः स तु स्मृतः |

694) anAmaya: (अनामयः)

Thus, the contact with bhagavAn (or his divine names) itself acts as a divine medicine. Hence he is called ‘anAmaya:’ – the one who is against all diseases. The disease referred to in this context is this samsAra. This means that bhagavAn cures us of the greatest disease called ‘samsAra’.

Why is this samsAra or material world called a disease? It is because it is deterrent to the divine experience of bhagavAn. This is shown in the chAndhOgya upanishath, which says “I am replete with diseases”.

Etymology: Since bhagavAn oppresses the dreaded disease called ‘samsAra’, he is called ‘anAmaya:’.

संसाराख्य महाव्याधॆः विरॊधित्वादनामयः |

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मनॊजवस्तीर्थकरॊ वसुरॆता वसुप्रदः ।
वसुप्रदॊ वासुदॆवॊ वसुर्वसुमना हविः ॥ ७४ ॥
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695) manOjava: (मनॊजवः)

bhagavAn acts very swiftly in purifying the souls and liberating them from samsAra (as shown in the previous divine names). Thus, he is called ‘manOjava:’ – the one with the speed of mind.

bhagavAn himself says thus: “He becomes a noble soul instantly”

The vishNu dharma also says thus: “Irrespective of whether the sins accumulated over the past seven births are little or too much, they all are destroyed at the very instant when the person steps into the temple of vishNu”.

Etymology: He who acts swiftly in benefitting his devotees is called ‘manOjava:’.

भक्तानां सम्पदं शीघ्रं करॊतीति मनॊजवः |

696) thIrthakara: (तीर्थकरः)

Furthermore, bhagavAn creates holy waters such as gangA, pushkara, etc, which are also extremely purifying just upon remembering them or even chanting their names – just as much as bhagavAn himself! Thus, he is called ‘thIrthakara:’ – the creator of holy waters.

Alternately, he is the one who promotes the noble philosophies preached by the vEdhas, smrithis, etc. Thus also he is called ‘thIrthakara:’ – the one who enables the creation of various works based on the right philosophy.

This is shown at the end of this same vishNu sahasranAma chapter, where it is said thus: “yOga, Knowledge about the self as well as this material world … are all born out of janArdhana”

Alternately, he is the one who creates steps – in the form of his incarnations – to enter into himself, who is otherwise very profound and impossible to access – just as a deep ocean (meaning, although he is originally very profound, he makes himself accessible to one and all with his incarnations). Thus also, he is called ‘thIrthakara:’.

Etymology: bhagavAn is called ‘thIrthakara:’, because he is the one who creates holy waters such as gangA, etc., also because he is the one who promotes holy scriptures such as vEdhas and smrithis, and also because he is the one who builds a flight of steps to reach him.

गङ्गादि तीर्थहॆतुत्वात् श्रुतिस्मृत्यॊः प्रवर्तनात् |
आत्मप्रवॆशसॊपानकृत्त्वात् तीर्थकरः स्मृतः ||

697) vasurEthA: (वसुरॆताः)

Thence the glorious krishnAvathAram of bhagavAn is hailed (in more than one hundred ensuing divine names!).

Since bhagavAn himself – in the form of divine light – is the material cause for his incarnation, he is called ‘vasurEthA:’.

The word ‘vasu’ (वसुः) itself is in fact a synonym for light.

The vishNu purANa hails thus: “He removed two strands of his hair – one white and one black – oh great saint…”

It is said thus in the SAnthi parva of SrI mahAbhAratha: “They are said to be the strands of my hair (kESa)”

The word ‘kESa’ has already been explained in the previous divine names.

Etymology: The word ‘vasu’ means light, and ‘rEtha:’ is known to mean the incarnation for which such light is the cause. Since he (krishna) is born out of his own form of divine light, he is called ‘vasurEthA:’.

वसुशब्दॊ ज्यॊतिरर्थॊ रॆतस्तत्कारणं मतम् |
दिव्यज्यॊतिः कारणत्वात् वसुरॆताः प्रकीर्तितः ||

698) vasupradha: (वसुप्रदः) (also repeated in 699)

bhagavAn is called ‘vasupradha:’, since he gave away himself as the biggest wealth unto vasudhEva-dhEvaki couple, in the form of their progeny.

Etymology: Since bhagavAn gave away (gives away) himself completely unto dhEvaki and vasudhEva as their greatest wealth in the form of their progeny, he is called ‘vasupradha:’.

दॆवकीवसुदॆवाभ्याम् आत्मरूपं महद्धनम् |
पुत्रत्वॆन प्रकर्षॆण ददातीति वसुप्रदः ||

699) vasupradha: (वसुप्रदः) (also repeated in 698)

By being born as their son, since bhagavAn – who is the father of all worlds – further bestowed upon dhEvaki and vasudhEva the divine status of being his own parents (which is counted as another wealth), he is again called by the divine name ‘vasupradha:’.

Etymology: Since bhagavAn bestowed upon dhEvaki and vasudhEva another great fortune of being his own parents, he is called ‘vasupradha:’.

दॆवकीवसुदॆवाभ्यां स्वपितृत्वं महद्वसु |
तॆजॊsसौ प्रददातीति वसुप्रद इतीरितः ||

700) vAsudhEva: (वासुदॆवः) (also repeated in 334 and 714)

Since bhagavAn was thus born as the son of vasudhEva, he is called ‘vAsudhEva:’.

Etymology: Since bhagavAn (as krishNa) was born as the son of vasudhEva, he is called ‘vAsudhEva:’.

वसुदॆवापत्यभावात् वासुदॆवः प्रकीर्तितः |

Thus ends the seventh centum (sapthama Sathakam) in SrI bhagavath-guNa-dharpaNa, which is an explanation of SIi vishNu sahasranAma, by the scion of SrI hAritha clan, the son of SrIvathsAnka misra (kUraththAzhwan) – SrIranganAtha by name, also called SrI parASara bhatta, who wrote this glorious commentary at the behest of SrI rangarAja.

The seventh centum is completed.

adiyen srinivasa raja ramanuja dasan

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