Daily Archives: January 6, 2019

thiruvAimozhi nURRandhAdhi – 27 – payilum thirumAl

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emperumAnAr_ThirumEniyil_pUrvacharyargaL (Large)

Essence of thiruvAimozhi 3.7

Introduction

In this pAsuram, mAmunigaL is following AzhwAr’s pAsurams of fully explaining bhagavAn’s devotees as the desirable goal and is mercifully explaining it.

How is that done? Previously AzhwAr instructed about emperumAn‘s ultimate saulabhyam (easy approachability) but he still suffered due to the interaction with samsAris who even suppress the enjoyment of emperumAn’s saulabhyam; to eliminate that suffering, emperumAn pointed out to AzhwAr the SrIvaishNavas who are like his pAdharEkhA (the lines in his foot), and seeing them, AzhwAr placed his head on their feet, praised them for being totally engaged with emperumAn in many ways, and became pleased reaching up to ultimate devotion towards them in thiruvAimozhi 3.7payilum sudaroLi“; mAmunigaL mercifully explains the essence of this decad starting with “payilum thirumAl“. This is similar to SrI rAmAyaNam ayOdhyA kANdam 1.1 “gachchathA mAthulakulam bharathEna” (one who is going along with bharatha to his maternal uncle’s place as a sword will be take along by the owner).

pAsuram

payilum thirumAl padham thannil nenjam
thayaluNdu niRkum thadhiyaRku – iyalvudanE
ALAnArkkALAgum mARan adi adhanil
ALAgAr sanmam mudiyA

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word-by-word meanings

payilum – one who naturally unites with devotees
thirumAl – Sriya:pathi’s (SrIman nArAyaNa’s)
padham thannil – on the divine feet
nenjam thayaluNdu niRkum – remaining with their heart fixed on
thadhiyarkku – for the devotees
iyalvudanE ALAnArkku – for those who are properly serving
ALAgum – to serve
mARan – AzhwAr‘s
adi adhanil – divine feet
AL AgAr – those who do not serve
sanmam – birth
mudiyA – will not end

Simple Translation

For those who do not serve the divine feet of AzhwAr who desired to serve those devotees who remain with their heart fixed on the divine feet of Sriya:pathi and who are properly serving such Sriya:pathi, birth [in this material realm] will not end.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam

  • payilum thirumAl – At the divine feet of Sriya:pathi who naturally unites with his devotees. With this “thirunArANan” is highlighted. “payilum thiru” also means SrI mahAlakshmi who is always united with emperumAn.
  • padham thannil nenjam thayaluNdu niRkum thadhiyarkku – This implies “pAdham paNiya vallArai” (those who worship the divine feet) [3rd pAsuram]; “nenjam thayaluNdu niRkai” means remaining fully fixed on his divine feet after meditating upon their enjoyability. It is said in thiruvAimozhi 7.1.10un iNaith thAmaraigatku anburugi niRkum adhu” (I have attained the ultimate, fluid [melted] state out of love towards your mutually fitting pair of divine feet). Alternatively, thayal implies thaiyal, that is being attached to the divine feet. thadhiyarkku implies those who have “relationship to bhagavAn” as their identity. Their identity is as explained in “payilum thiruvudaiyAr” (those who have eternal wealth of being related to bhagavAn) [1st pAsuram], “thALum thadakkaiyum kUppip paNiyumavar” (those who join their hands together and feet together and worship) [2nd pAsuram], “pAdham paNiya vallAr” (those who can worship emperumAn‘s divine feet) [3rd pAsuram] and “thirunAraNan thoNdar” (SrIman nArAyaNa’s servitor) [4th pAsuram].
  • iyalvudanE ALAnArkku ALAgum mARan adi adhanil – At the divine feet of AzhwAr who considers his nature to be surrendered to those who are servitors of emperumAn for his beauty and decorative ornaments and weapons.
  • AL AgAr – those who do not become servitors.
  • sanmam mudiyA – The end of their birth will not occur. As said in thiruvAimozhi 2.6.7emar kIzh mEl ezhu piRappum vidiyA ven naragaththu enRum sErdhal mARinar” (those who are related to me in seven generations before me and after me will ever avoid reaching this hot hell named samsAram where there is no relief), only for those who are related to AzhwAr, the connection with this samsAram will end. As said in thiruvAimozhi 3.8.11ivaiyum Or paththu ilangu vAn yAvarum ERuvar sonnAlE” (if this unparalleled decad among those thousand pAsurams is recited, everyone (who recites them) will ascend to the radiant paramapadham), for others such paramapadham will not be attainable; hence, as one surrenders to the divine feet of AzhwAr who is engaged with the ultimate state of servitude towards emperumAn‘s devotees, one’s bondage will be removed and (s)he will attain mOksham (liberation).

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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periya thiruvandhAdhi – 55 – marungOdham mOdhum

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avathArikai

AzhwAr says that since his sins have disappeared, he is able to constantly see emperumAn.

Let us go through the pAsuram and its meanings:

marungOdham mOdhum maNi nAgaNaiyAr
marungE vara ariyarElum orungE
emakkavaraik kANalAm eppozhudhum uLLAl
manakkavalai thIrppAr varavu

Word by Word Meanings

varavu – due to (his) arrival

manam kavalai thIrppAr – one who removes sorrow from the mind

marungu – nearby

Odham mOdhum – such that ocean will keep lapping

maNi nAgaNaiyAr – emperumAn who is reclining on the mattress of thiruvananthAzhwAn (AdhiSEshan) who has gems

marungE vara ariyarElum – even if he is beyond approach (by us)

emakku – for us

uLLAl – through mind

eppozhudhum – at all times

orungE – in the same manner

avarai kANalAm – have direct vision of him.

vyAkyAnam

varavu manakkavalai thIrppArai – he will remove sorrow from my mind due to his arrival [at the place where I am present]. This implies that emperumAn, on his own, fell head over heels on AzhwAr and made him his servitor.

Next, the pAsuram says about the place where emperumAn carried out sAdhanAnushtAnam (performing activities as means to attain)

marungu Odham mOdhum maNi nAgaNaiyAr – the opinion here is that emperumAn, thinking of attaining AzhwAr, reclined on the mattress of thiruvananthAzhwAn, in the milky ocean, with the waves gently massaging his feet.

marungE vara ariyarElum – even if it is difficult for us to go near him

namakku orungE uLLAl avarai eppozhudhum kANalAm – since he dwells in our mind, we can constantly see him in the same manner, through our mind. yajur vEdham 1.6 says “prajApathis thvam vEdha prajApathim thvO vEdha yam prajApathir vEdha sa puNyO bhavathi” (supreme being thinks of one (chEthana, sentient entity); one thinks of supreme being. The one who is thought of by supreme being, undoubtedly, attains supreme being). Thus, it is clear from this that AzhwAr has the greatness to be thought of by emperumAn.

We will take up the 56th pAsuram next.

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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