SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
See nampiLLai’s introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
See nampiLLai’s introduction.
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
In the eighth decad – AzhwAr observed emperumAn‘s vaichithriyam (diversity) of stopping the physical experience while he was having uruveLippAdu (visualisation) and causing him great anguish, AzhwAr thinks about emperumAn having such diversified ability, highlights the following aspects of emperumAn:
- his amazing form of being a mendicant/seeker
- his supremacy which was acquired due to attaining the desired aspect
- his obedience towards his devotees, while having such supremacy
- his puNdarIkAkshathvam (being lotus-eyed) which reveals his supremacy and simplicity
- his being infinitely enjoyable for ananyaprayOjanars (those who are exclusively devoted to him)
- his activities which cause bewilderment
- his causing sorrow etc based on one’s karma
- his being unintelligible even for greatly knowledgeable persons
- his ultimate subtleness which is the cause for not being able to understand him
- his having chith and achith as prakAram (form) as highlighted by well established scriptures
AzhwAr meditated upon these aspects and questioned emperumAn who is seen by his intelligence “How are you, with such aspects, having amazing ability to have the universe which is having such contradictory aspects, as your wealth?” and becomes satisfied thinking that he has nothing to do in eliminating his own hurdles.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction
In the previous decad – AzhwAr experienced uruvuveLippAdu (visualisation) in previous decad; as he could not reach out to emperumAn, he understood it to be mere visualisation. Now, he also understands that sarvESvaran will keep him in this material realm until emperumAn accomplishes the desire task; yet, as he cannot sustain himself without emperumAn, he will not remain patient thinking about this aspect. Even if AzhwAr prays to emperumAn saying “please eliminate my hurdles”, he will not fulfil that until AzhwAr completes his prabandham. Though he does not fulfil AzhwAr’s desire, emperumAn knows how to sustain him in this material realm. Hence, as some entities [fish etc] are sustained by keeping them together with water, AzhwAr too is sustained so that he never perishes nor lives happily and is tormented; meditating upon this, he says to emperumAn “though I don’t fit in this material realm, you are keeping me here and making me live; kindly explain to me this amazing act of yours”; as those who would divert others when a particular question is asked by answering in an unrelated manner, emperumAn said “Are you amazed by this one aspect? You now behold my variegated universal form!” and manifested his amazing universal form – though AzhwAr did not expect to see that, since it was shown by emperumAn himself, it will be pleasing for AzhwAr. Hence, as AzhwAr asked one question, emperumAn manifested many amazing aspects and satisfied him. akrUra, on the banks of yamunA, stepped in to the river and saw the children (krishNa and balarAma) inside the river as well and being fearful looked out; he saw them there as well; seeing them there, he said as in SrIvishNu purANam 5.19.7 “jagath Ethath mahAScharyam rUpam yasya mahAthmana: | thEnAScharya varENAham bhavathA krishNa sangatha: ||” (Oh krishNa! I united with you who are having amazing activities and with you, the mahAthmA (great soul) who are having this amazing universe as your form) and became amazed; AzhwAr too becomes amazed seeing his variegated universal form.
Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.
- pAsuram 1
- pAsuram 2
- pAsuram 3
- pAsuram 4
- pAsuram 5
- pAsuram 6
- pAsuram 7
- pAsuram 8
- pAsuram 9
- pAsuram 10
- pAsuram 11
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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