thiruvAimozhi – 7.5.11 – theLivuRRu vIvinRi

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Seventh Centum >> Fifth decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the end, AzhwAr says “Those who practice this decad, are pure-natured even while being in samsAram”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

pAsuram

theLivuRRu vIvinRi ninRavarkku inbak kadhi seyyum
theLivuRRa kaNNanaith then kurugUrch chatakOpan sol

theLivuRRa AyiraththuL ivai paththum vallAr avar
theLivuRRa sindhaiyar pAmaru mUvulagaththuLLE

Listen

Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

theLivu – clarity (that emperumAn is both upAyam (means) and upEyam (goal))
uRRu – acquire

(for that)
vIvu – break
inRi – without
ninRavarkku – those who remain (firm)
inbam – in the form of unlimited bliss
gathi – goal
seyyum – one who grants
theLivuRRa – (even when AthmAs are unclear in this principle) he who protects with clarity in this principle
kaNNanai – krishNa who is easily approachable for his followers
then – attractive
kurugUr – leader of AzhwArthirunagari
satakOpan – nammAzhwAr
sol – mercifully spoken
theLivuRRa – which bring clarity in those who relate to [by learning, reciting]
AyiraththuL ivai paththum – this decad among the thousand pAsurams
vallAravar – those who are capable of practicing
pA – vastness restricted by karma
maru – having
mUnRu – having differences due to the three qualities (sathva, rajas, thamas)
ulagaththuLLE – in the universe
theLivu – full expansion of knowledge, which is a result of Sudhdha sathva guNam (pure goodness)
uRRa – having
sindhaiyar – will have the heart

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Having acquired the clarify, those who remain without break in that state, are granted the goal in the form of unlimited bliss by krishNa who is easily approachable for his followers and who protects with clarity in this principle of his being the means/goal; nammAzhwAr, the leader of the attractive AzhwArthirunagari, mercifully spoke this decad among the thousand pAsurams which bring clarity in those who relate to them; those who are capable of practicing this decad, will have the heart which has full expansion of knowledge, which is a result of Sudhdha sathva guNam, while being in this universe which has vastness restricted by karma and having differences due to the three qualities.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • theLivuRRu … –  For those who have firm faith in “Only emperumAn is the prApya (goal) and prApaka (means)”, and subsequently do not waver seeing the actions of the worldly people or superficial words [of other philosophers]. In mahAbhAratha war, [after explaining the important principles in SrI bhagavath gIthA] krishNa asked arjuna “Did you understand what I explained or not?”, arjuna replied in SrI gIthA 18.73sthithO’smi” (standing firm, with realisation of truth); emperumAn asked “So, how are you going to perform my work?”, arjuna replied “karishyE vachanam thava” (will act according to your instructions) – “I will act according to the orders of your highness”. nampiLLai asked nanjIyar “Did arjuna get emperumAn [i.e. did he get liberated]?” nanjIyar mercifully replied “How does it matter to you? As the one [emperumAn] who spoke this, is common to all, and as bhagavAn’s words are certain, one will get according to their acts and desire; we are not trying to surrender unto him analysing who else has got it”. When a thirsty person sees cool water, to drink it and quench his thirst, he does not wait for someone else to quench his thirst first.
  • inbak kadhi seyyum – he will grant the reward of unlimited bless.
  • theLivuRRa kaNNanai – To compensate the lack of clarity in him (AthmA), krishNa who is very clear in granting eternal kainkaryam to him. As said in varAha charama SlOkam “… aham smarAmi …” (When my devotee surrenders to me when he is stable, I will think about him and uplift him at the time of death when he can neither think nor say my names).
  • theLivuRRa Ayiram – Just as water, which is muddy in mountain, will become clear after travelling and reaching certain spots, and be usable for everyone, the principles of vEdham which are to be pursued only by qualified persons [brAhmaNa, kshathriya and vaiSya – males], and are mixed with chaff and sticky substances which makes it difficult to separate the real principles from the extraneous ones, became pursued by all, and cleared of all doubts, only after being revealed by AzhwAr.
  • ivai paththum vallAravar theLivuRRa sindhaiyar –  Those who can practice this decad, will have a clear heart/mind like this AzhwAr.

When asked “Would we have such clarity once we reach paramapadham?” AzhwAr says,

  • pAmaru mUvulagaththuLLE – “pApa” is shortened to be “pA” – implies the land which has abundance of sins. The clarity one will acquire after reaching paramapadham, will be acquired in this samsAram itself, which is contrary to paramapadham; those who will acquire clarity in this samsAram itself where even when sarvESvaran descends, he is put through sorrows and bewilderment; they will become pure-natured while being in this samsAram which will bring emperumAn himself who is opposite to all defects, in line with its nature.

In the next article we will enjoy the next decad.

AzhwAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
emperumAnAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
piLLAn thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nanjIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nampiLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
periyavAchchAn piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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