Daily Archives: September 9, 2018

thiruvAimozhi – 7.5.6 – kEttum uNarndhavar

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Full series >> Seventh Centum >> Fifth decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the sixth pAsuram, AzhwAr is meditating upon the great quality of emperumAn giving up his supremacy and accepting alms, which is greater than previously enjoyed qualities and the act of mercifully digging out the earth with his ability.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr mercifully speaks about emperumAn‘s arthithva sAmarthyam (ability to seek alms), where he has lowered his natural quality [supremacy] which is beyond just assuming a humble form.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


kEttum uNarndhavar kEsavaRkAL anRi AvarO?
vAttamilA vaN kai mAvali vAdhikka vAdhippuNdu
Ittam koL dhEvargaL senRirandhArkkidar nIkkiya
kOttam kai vAmananAych cheydha kUththukkaL kaNdumE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

vAttam ilA – never diminishing
vaN – having magnanimity
kai – having hand
mAvali – mahAbali
vAdhikka – (out of pride) torment
vAdhippuNdu – suffered
Ittam koL – grouped together, without any enmity between each other
dhEvargaL – dhEvas, who are generous
senRu – went (where emperumAn was mercifully seated)
irandhArkku – those who surrendered through their prayers (as said in “SaraNam thvAm anuprApthA:“)
idar nIkkiya – eliminating the sorrow in their mind (by vowing to act)

(considering mahAbali’s magnanimity as the only hold, going to him as a seeker, even more than his being the giver of all results)
kOdu – due to accepting alms
am – acquiring beauty
kai – having hand
vAmananAy – attracting him with his vAmana (dwarf) form

(bewildering mahAbali’s heart with his words, effortlessly performing while growing and measuring)
seydha – performed
kUththukkaL – acts
kaNdum – meditating as if seeing physically
kEttum – hearing (this incident, through purANas etc)
uNarndhavar – those who are sentient
kEsavaRku – for vAmana who is having beautiful locks of hair which are elegantly swaying
anRi – other than

(for anyone else)
AL – servitor
AvarO – will they become?

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

The generous dhEvas, having suffered by the torment of mahAbali, who has never diminishing magnanimous hand, grouped together, without any enmity between each other, went to emperumAn and surrendered to him through their prayers; eliminating the sorrow in their mind, emperumAn having a hand which acquired beauty due to accepting alms, attracting mahAbali with his vAmana (dwarf) form, performed acts; will those sentient beings who are meditating as if seeing physically, and hearing these acts, become servitor for anyone other than vAmana who is having beautiful locks of hair which are elegantly swaying? kEsavan (kESava) also means the master of brahmA and rudhra, with one [brahmA] washing his divine feet and the other [rudhra] accepting that holy water on his head.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • kEttum uNarndhavar – When an AchAryan instructs a meaning, hearing that and remaining with clarity as said in “Evam gyAthvA bhavithum arhathi” (after knowing that, acting accordingly).
  • kEsavaRku AL anRi AvarO – Would they become servitor of anyone other than the one who became the refuge, without letting anyone else to be the refuge? kESava means as in mahAbhAratham harivamSam “ka ithi brahmaNO nAma ISOham sarva dhEhinAm | AvAm thavAngE sambhUthau thasmAth kESava nAmavAn ||” (both of us, brahmA (ka) and rudhra (ISa), originated from the divine body of your highness; thus you are called kESava” and due to having beautiful locks.
  • vAttam ilA vaN kai – Instead of giving and withdrawing after sometime, the hand which keeps giving. emperumAn did not severe his [mahAbali’s] head like he did to rAvaNa et al since there is a reason [of mahAbali being magnanimous].
  • mAvali vAdhikka vAdhippuNdu – Having this [magnanimity] as the reason, he tormented the dhEvas and they suffered.
  • Ittam koL dhEvargaL – Like village-heads, they will not tolerate one another’s greatness, and are of the nature that one person [rudhra] severs another person’s head and another person [brahmA] has his head severed; as great danger loomed, such envious people gave up their pride, came together and fell at the divine feet of emperumAn.
  • senRu irandhArkku idar nIkkiya – [reason for “senRu” – they went to emperumAn, is explained here] When maNiyakArar (administrative chief) is in the temple, he would think “what is wrong if the ISvaran (lord) himself has to come to me?”; similarly, these dhEvas think “everyone should come to us”, but the great danger which was looming, made them unite and come here – thinking like this in his divine heart, emperumAn eliminated their sorrow. [Would the dhEvas think like that?] When emperumAn broke a weak bow, the dhEvas thought him to be great as said in SrI rAmAyaNam bAla kANdam 75.19 “adhikam mE nirE vishNum” (they thought vishNu to be superior to rudhra); at other times they remain as said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 16-14ISvarOham” (I am the controller of everything). When such dhEvas come begging, emperumAn eliminated their sorrow.
  • kOttam kai vAmananAy – Having beautifully cupped hands to accept the water; as said in nAchchiyAr thirumozhi 11.5 “pollAk kuRaL uruvAy poRkaiyil nIrERRu” (in the form of a beautiful dwarf, emperumAn accepted water in his golden hands), since mahAbali is troubling the dhEvas, he should be killed; but since he has noble qualities, emperumAn won’t kill him; so, emperumAn, the protector, should find out an apt means to satisfy both situations. poRkai – hand which acquired beauty. Beautiful hand. The hand which grew, by giving; as said in SrI rAmAyaNam yudhdha kANdam 21.7 “gO sahasra pradhAthAram” (the hand which grew, by donating thousands of cows) and in SrI rAmAyaNam sundhara kANdam 33.25 “dhadhyAn na prathigruhNIyAth” (perumAL (SrI rAma) would give but not accept any charity).
  • seydha kUththukkaL kaNdumE – For AzhwAr, his (emperumAn as vAmana) acts of being born on one day, growing up on the same day, setting out to seek alms on the same day, and going all the way to the sacrificial arena of mahAbali, walking in a tense manner to cause disturbance to the earth and entering there, standing there humbly with krishNAjinam (deer skin), yagyOpavIdham (sacred thread) and munji (dharbA grass) and asking childishly “I will accept”, and showing little feet but measuring with huge feet etc appear like dance by expert dancers. In comparison to his simplicity of becoming an alms-seeker while having all the supremacy and being Sriya:pathi (husband of SrI mahAlakshmi), to protect his followers, is protecting the earth from the deluge, a match?

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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nAnmugan thiruvandhAdhi – 82 – kalandhAn en uLLaththu

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AzhwAr is wondering whether it was just that emperumAn created a desire for AzhwAr in thamizh language and prevented him from having a wavering heart. He says aloud to the entire world, in this pAsuram, that there cannot be a greater benefit, which emperumAn did for him, than his mingling with AzhwAr’s heart despite his being a supreme being.

Let us go through the pAsuram and its meanings:

kalandhAn ennuLLaththuk kAmavEL thAdhai
nalandhAnum IdhoppadhuNdE alarndhalargaL
ittEththum Isanum nAnmuganum enRivargaL
vittEththa mAttAdha vEndhu

Word for Word Meanings8

kAmavEL thAdhai – one who is manmatha’s (cupid’s) father
alarndha alargaL ittEththum Isanum – sivan who praises emperumAn after offering blossomed flowers
nAnmuganum – brahmA
enRa ivargaL – (distinguished) dhEvas such as these
vittu Eththa mAttAdha – one who cannot be praised completely
vEndhu – dhEvAdhidhEva (lord of all dhEvas) [emperumAn]
en uLLaththu – in my heart
kalandhAn – mingled
Idhu oppadhu nalam thAnum uNdE – is there any benefit equalling this benefit? (no, there is none).


kalandhAn en uLLaththu – emperumAn mingled, like water mingles with water, with my heart which has been engaged with lowly worldly matters.

Who is such an entity?

kAmavEL thAdhai – one who is called as manmatha (cupid) among manmatha since he gave birth to manmatha (lord of love) who attracts others towards him because of his beauty. Such manmatha who is most beautiful desired a lowly entity such as I (AzhwAr) and mingled. kAmavEL thAdhai – father of manmatha.

kAmavELkAman – one who creates desire in others. vELbeautiful person. kAman is samskrutha word and vEL is thamizh word.

Is it that he has only beauty?

alarndhalargaL . . . vEndhu – Siva and brahmA who think of themselves as ISvara (one who controls all) offered freshly blossomed flowers at the divine feet of emperumAn and praised him to their hearts’ content. Such emperumAn who cannot be fully praised by brahmA, Siva et al mingled with me, says AzhwAr.

Isanum nAnmuganum enRivargaL – this indicates the prominence of Siva and brahmA who are heads of dhEvas.

vittEththa – Praising handsomely. Praising with full throat [loudly]. Praising totally.

vEndhu kalandhAn en uLLaththu – one who is supreme, mingled with a very lowly person due to his desire.

Idhu oppadhu nalandhAnum uNdE – Is there any benefit which is equal to this?

alarndhalargaL . . .vittEththa mAttAdha vEndhu kalandhAn; Idhoppadhu nalandhANum uNdE – rudhra, brahmA et al worship emperumAn with just blossomed flowers and praise emperumAn on their own with the aim of attaining emperumAn through their efforts just like people pick up grains from fields with difficulty for their sustenance. On the other hand, emperumAn, of his own accord, enters AzhwAr’s heart, head over heels. AzhwAr asks whether there could there be any equivalent to this experience.

We will move on to the 83rd pAsuram next.

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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