SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Introduction for this pAsuram
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
No specific introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
In the tenth pAsuram, AzhwAr says “I cannot do anything in return for your favour of making me remain as ‘your divine feet are the only refuge’ even in dire situations”.
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Tenth pAsuram. AzhwAr said “aruLAy uyyumARu enakku“, but he did not see emperumAn coming and showering his mercy; he then says “even in such dire situations you have made me remain as ‘your divine feet are the only refuge’ – there is nothing which I can do in return for this favour”.
ARenakku nin pAdhamE SaraNAgath thandhozhindhAy unakkOr
kaimARu nAn onRilEn enadhAviyum unadhE
sERu koL karumbum perunjennelum mali thaN sirIvaramangai
nARu pUnthaNduzhAy mudiyAy! dheyva nAyaganE
Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
enakku – for me
ARu – means to attain the goal
nin pAdhamE – your divine feet only
SaraNAga – upAyam (means) which is the refuge
thandhozhindhAy – you have bestowed;
unakku – for you (who are such a benefactor)
Or – in any way
kaimARu – return favour
nAn – I (who am akinchana (empty-handed))
onRu – anything
ilEn – do not have
enadhu – my
Aviyum – AthmA
unadhu – (already) yours;
sERu – in muddy field
koL – present
karumbum – sugarcane
peru – growing tall (taller than sugarcane)
sennelum – paddy crop
mali – abundant
thaN – invigorating
sirIvaramangai – present in sirIvaramangai
nARu – very fragrant
pU – having freshness
thaN – invigorating
thuzhAy – decorated with thiruththuzhAy (thuLasi)
mudiyAy – having divine crown
dheyvam – for nithyasUris
nAyaganE – Oh leader!
Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
Oh leader of nithyasUris who is in sirIvaramangai dhivyadhESam which has sugarcane and tall paddy crop in muddy field, wearing divine crown which is decorated with fresh invigorating thuLasi! You (emperumAn) have bestowed on me your divine feet only which are the means to attain the goal, as the upAyam (means) which is the refuge; I do not have anything to give you in return and my AthmA is yours.
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam
See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
- ARenakku … – ARu means vazhi (path). vazhi means upAyam (means/way). perumAL thirumozhi 9.2 “evvARu nadandhanai” (How did you walk?), nAchchiyAr thirumozhi 3.2 “ippoygaikku evvARu vandhAy” (How did you come to this pond?). SaraN[am] – upEyam (goal). You made your own divine feet as the upAyam and upEyam – this is piLLAn’s explanation. bhattar mercifully explains “both ARu and SaraNam indicate upAyam only”. You arranged such that your divine feet are my upAyam. ARu – upAyam. Since it is explained in SrI pAncharAthram “… upAyArthaika vAchaka:” (SaraNam means upAyam (means), vIdu (house), rakshaka (protector); here it is explained as upAyam), SaraNam means upAyam. By saying “enakku“, AzhwAr is differentiating himself from followers of other upAyams [such as karma gyAna bhakthi yOgams]. Since, this decad is focussed on highlighting AzhwAr’s lack of any other means and establishing the real upAyam [emperumAn‘s divine feet] starting with “nORRa nOnbilEn“, here the same point is highlighted as the conclusion. By avadhAraNam [emphasis] (pAdhamE), AzhwAr thinks about [and reminds us of] “Eka” (only) padham in charama SlOkam. Instead of giving up other upAyams as a result of holding on to ISvara confidently, if we gave them up out of nAsthikyam (lack of faith in SAsthram), it will only lead to attachment towards worldly pleasures; one who has taken the antidote for serpent’s poison can boldly place his hand in serpent’s mouth; but if someone who has not taken the antidote and still places his hand in the serpent’s mouth, it will only lead to death. For you who bestowed this clarity in my mind, it is not just that there is no favour in return which matches your greatness, I who am an akinchana (empty-handed) do not see even a favour which slightly matches your greatness.
- enadhu Aviyum unadhE – I would have satisfied myself doing that; had you not bestowed me with unblemished knowledge and devotion, as someone stealing “rAjamahEndhran padi” (a divine ornament which is worn by namperumAL), considering it one’s own and offering it to perumAL, such act of AthmasamarpaNam (presenting the AthmA to bhagavAn) will only reveal one’s robbery.
- nin pAdhamE – enadhu Aviyum unadhE – AppAn thiruvazhundhUr aRaiyar would recite “nin pAdhamE!” here to make it sound like AzhwAr is vowing that his AthmA is emperumAn’s [in this case AzhwAr is saying “You have given your divine feet (charaN) as ARu (upAyam) – this is sathyam (nin pAdhamE!)”].
- sERu koL … – The cool sirIvaramangai, which has muddy fields of sugarcane, and abundance of paddy crop which appears to be providing shade to the sugarcane.
- nARu pUm thaN thuzhAy mudiyAy … – Fragrant attractive thuLasi. Having a crown indicating that you are the leader of all these [natural riches of sirIvaramangala nagar, having a thuLasi garland as the crown]. You remain as the controller of even those nithyasUris who are very intelligent, and this being the case, what can I do anything in return for you? While you are favouring me greatly, I am not ignorant [having known that I am already yours]; even in this case, you are so complete that I cannot do something to satisfy you. Those who did not accept your favour [i.e., your bestowing of true knowledge about the upAyam], just roam around enjoying worldly pleasures; those who are ignorant [about the fact that the AthmA is already owned by bhagavAn] remained saying “I have done something in return for his favour”; only if you are incomplete, we can consider to have done something, but you are complete; this being the case, can I do anything worthy? [dheyva nAyagan] The leader of nithyasUris. dhevaym – nithyasUris.
In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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