mudhal thiruvandhAdhi – 7- thisaiyum thisaiyuRu

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avathArikai

AzhwAr was asked “you are saying that only emperumAn is fit to be attained. But wherever we see, there are people who are trying to attain and those who are trying to be attained”. AzhwAr responds “unlike the situation where emperumAn showed himself to me for me to see, the others [who are not devoted to him] are trying to attempt to see on their own; emperumAn has created an illusion so that they are unable to attain him”. In SrI bhagavath gIthA 9-23, krishNa tells arjuna “thE api mAmEva kaunthEya yajanthi avidhi pUrvakam” (those who worship other dhEvathAs (deities) worship only me, but against the rules) and in SrI bhagavath gIthA 7-14 he says “mama mAyA dhurathyayA” (it is very difficult to go past this illusion).

Let us look at the pAsuram.

thisaiyum thisaiyuRu dheyvamum dheyvath
thisaiyum karumangaL ellAm – asaivil sIrk
kaNNan nedumAl kadal kadaindha kArOdha
vaNNan padaiththa mayakku

Word by Word Meanings

thisaiyum – worlds with all their directions
thisai uRu dheyvamum – the deities in these directions
dheyvaththu isaiyum karumangaL – appropriate activities (like creation, destruction etc) for these deities
ellAm – all these
kaNNan – the one who was born as krishNa
nedumAl – the one who has extreme love [towards his devotees]
kadal kadaindha – the one who churned the ocean [with the request from the dhEvas as the reason]
kAr Odha vaNNan – the one who has the complexion of cloud and ocean
padaiththa – created
mayakku – entities to bewilder

vyAkhyAnam

thisaiyum – world having all directions

thisai uRu dheyvamum – all the deities who are in these directions

dheyvaththu isaiyum karumangaL ellAm – all the activities of these deities. One deity is given the role of creating, one for destroying, one for destroying everything etc. All these activities have been ordained by emperumAn only.

asaivil sIr – the qualities of emperumAn do not contract or expand based on time. They are always fully with him (it is implied that in the case of other deities, this is not so; their qualities will shrink or expand).

kaNNan – he incarnated himself to show these qualities, as a simple person. He made himself as equal to others through his ichchA (wish).

asaivil sIrk kaNNan – even though he incarnated himself as being equal to others, his qualities do not have shortfall. While he created other deities and gave them name and fame, their qualities are not consistent and change.

nedumAlmAl means greatness. Even though he makes himself simple, he is so great that no one can measure [know] him. thaiththirIya upanishath Anandhavalli says “yathO vAchO nivarthanthE” (words return, unable to measure emperumAn’s qualities). Alternatively, mAl also denotes infatuation. He is so infatuated with his devotees that he will never let them down.

kadal kadaindha – even though he is great, he carries out impossible tasks to protect his devotees [such as churning the ocean to grant immortality to dhEvathAs to enable them to fight demons] . He needs people who pray to him “please give us this”. Just as other means [such as karma, gyAna, bhakthi etc] need his mercy, the other deities too need his mercy. For his devotees, the other means and other deities are to be avoided completely.

kArOdha vaNNan – even if he does not carry out any of these tasks and even if he brings an end to us, his beauty is such that we will never let go of him.

padaiththa mayakku – he gives such special powers to other deities and makes us bewildered. He makes those who do not listen to him, to approach such deities by giving these deities powers to grant certain boons, to carry out certain difficult tasks etc. These are the illusory acts that he indulges in to bewilder those who do not believe in him. As krishNa, he himself says in SrI bhagavath gIthA 7-14 “mama mAyA dhurathyayA” (it is difficult to overcome my illusion),

We shall take up the 8th pAsuram next.

adiyEn krishNa ramanuja dhAsan

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