mudhal thiruvandhAdhi – 3 – pAr aLavum Oradi

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avathArikai

AzhwAr says “do we need all these deeds to prove that emperumAn is superior to everyone else? Through this one deed (of measuring the worlds) which is beyond the capabilities of human race, is it not enough to remind everyone of his supreme nature?”

pAsuram

pAraLavum Oradi vaiththu Oradiyum pAruduththa
nIraLavum sella nimirndhadhE – sUruruvin
pEyaLavu kaNda perumAn aRigilEn
nI aLavu kaNda neRi

Word by Word Meaning

pAraLavum Oradi vaiththu – keeping one divine foot till the end of this world [to measure it]
Or adiyum pAr uduththa – the other divine foot surrounding the entire universe
nIr aLavum sella nimirndhadhu – it rose to reach the waters covering the universe
sUr uruvin pEy – a demon who came in the garb of a celestial person
aLavu kaNda perumAn – Oh benefactor, who determined the boundary (of life)
nI aLavu kaNda neRi aRigilEn – I am not able to know the extent of the deeds carried out by you

vyAkhyAnam

pAraLavum Oradi vaiththu – keeping a divine foot to reach the end of the world

Oradiyum pAruduththa nIr aLavum sella nimirndhadhu – if a person asked another, “tell me an equivalent of emperumAn’s divine foot”, the other person will say “emperumAn’s other foot”. His other divine foot rose all the way to the waters surrounding the universe as a cover (here pAr is taken to mean universe). This is similar to thirumangai AzhwAr’s periya thirumozhi 10-6-3 “pavva nIr udai AdaiyAgach chuRRi” (water circling the earth like its dress). If pAr were taken to be earth, the other divine foot rose till the waters surrounding earth.

sUr uruvil … aRigilEnAzhwAr says “since one divine foot spread all over the world and there was no space to keep the other divine foot, I am not able to understand how you measured this world”.  emperumAn asks him back “why could you not understand?”

sUr uruvil pEyaLavu kaNda perumAn – isn’t this (the trouble that pUthanA had to undergo) what people who set out to measure you, have to suffer? AzhwAr asks emperumAn “are you in a state where someone could measure you?”

sUr uruvil – as per the thamizh lexicon “sUrum aNangum dheyvappeNNE” – sUr refers to a divine person. Here, this term actually refers to the demon pUthanA, but since she took the form of yaSOdhA, she is referred to as divine person. In perumAL thirumoizhi 7-5, kulaSEkara AzhwAr refers to yaSOdhA as “dheyva nangai yasOdhai” (the divine lady yaSOdhA). One can also consider sUr as a demon with a beautiful form. This is because demons are considered as belonging to the class of dhEvas as per the saying “piSAsO dhEva yOnaya:” in amara kOsam 1-1-11.

pEyaLavu kaNda – considering [measuring / estimating] her as a demon. Measuring is also killing. She [pUthanA] came to kill emperumAn, who, knowing her intention, killed her instead. Oh emerpumAn! When you measure someone, you don’t have any sorrow [difficulty]; but when someone comes to measure you, (s)he get killed, like pUthanA.

perumAn – by killing her, you removed your enemy and gave yourself to the world as its Lord. AzhwAr points, out through this word, to harivamSam 65 which says “sthanyam thath vishasammiSram rasyamAsIth jagadhgurO” (the poisoned milk of pUthanA’s bosom was like a sweet juice to kaNNan, the Lord of the world).

aRigilEn nI aLavu kaNda neRi – I do not know what you are thinking of. I do not know whether you are enabling me or not, to know you. Another interpretation – AzhwAr cannot estimate each and every deed of emperumAn’s. Just as you took the earth, which was snatched by mahAbali, under your feet, you had taken me under your feet and removed by enemies just as you removed pUthanA. We can take it that AzhwAr does not know this.

We shall  next take up the 4th pAsuram.

adiyEn krishNa ramanuja dhAsan

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