Daily Archives: February 15, 2017

thiruvAimozhi – 4.4.11 – valvinai thIrkkum

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Fourth Centum >> Fourth decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the end, AzhwAr says “Those who learn this decad will be relieved from the difficulties of samsAram (material realm) and will remain in thirunAdu (paramapadham, spiritual realm) where there is no question of separation from bhagavAn”, with great glories to be respected by all.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

pAsuram

valvinai thIrkkum kaNNanai vaN kurugUrch chatakOpan
sol vinaiyAl sonna pAdal AyiraththuL ivai paththum
nal vinai enRu kaRpArgaL nalanidai vaikuntham naNNith
thol vinai thIra ellArum thozhudhezha vIRRiruppArE

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Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

val – hurdles which prevent devotees to be with him (emperumAn)
vinai – all sins
thIrkkum – of the nature of driving out (as said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 18.66 “sarva pApEbhyO mOkshayishyAmi”)
kaNNanai – krishNa
vaN – abundant with all wealth
kurugUr – leader of AzhwArthirunagari
SatakOpan – nammAzhwAr
sol vinaiyAl – service in the form of words
sonna – mercifully spoke
pAdal – verses in the form of songs
AyiraththuL – among the thousand
ivai paththum – this decad
nal vinai – distinguished deeds
enRu – considering them
kaRpArgaL – those who learn
nalan – bliss of experiencing bhagavAn
udai – having
vaikuntham – paramapadham (spiritual realm)
naNNi – reach
thol – ancient
vinai – faults such as ignorance etc
thIra – not affected
ellArum – all the residents of paramapadham, i.e. nithyasUris
thozhudhu – humbly worship (to manifest their devotion towards devotees)
ezha – rising very briskly
vIRRu iruppAr – will be seated in a distinguished manner (manifesting their SEshathva sAmrAjyam (the kingdom of servitude towards bhagavAn))

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nammAzhwAr, the leader of AzhwArthirunagari which is abundant with all wealth, engaged in service in the form of words about krishNa, who is of the nature of driving out all sins which put hurdles for the devotees to be with him, mercifully spoke this decad among the thousand verses in the form of songs; those who learn this decad considering them to be distinguished deeds, will reach paramapadham, which is having bliss of experiencing bhagavAn. Such individuals will not be affected by faults such as ignorance etc; they will be worshipped humbly by all the residents of paramapadham (nithyasUris), rising very briskly, and will be seated in a distinguished manner.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • valvinai thIrkkum kaNNanai – Even if the parents abandon children, those who are dear will not abandon them. krishNa who is of that nature,  removes the hurdles for his devotees which cause separation from him.
  • vaN kurugUrch chatakOpan – Most magnanimous AzhwAr. It is his magnanimity which is helping even us today, to enjoy bhagavAn’s qualities.
  • sol vinaiyAl sonna pAdal – Service by speech. Three explanations – 1) out of overflowing devotion, AzhwAr cannot just stop speaking about him, 2) AzhwAr spoke being forced by bhagavAn’s qualities, and 3) by the act of speaking.
  • AyiraththuL ivai paththum – Among the thousand pAsurams, this decad where AzhwAr looked at objects resembling emperumAn and became mad considering them to be him. Such madness, does not occur in everyone; that being the case,
  • nal vinai enRu kaRpArgaL – Those who learn/practice this only for its purifying ability [i.e., considering it only as the means and not knowing it to be the sweetest goal]; also explained as – those who learn this considering it to be a distinguished decad.
  • nalanidai vaikuntham naNNi – Reaching the paramapadham where there is no question of separation from bhagavAn.
  • thol vinai thIra – being relieved from sins that follow since time immemorial.
  • ellArum thozhudhu ezha – to be worshipped by nithyasUris who are asprushta samsAra gandha (those who are never touched by samsAram (bondage)). They will be served and revered by even those paNiyA amarar (those who do not bow infront of anyone other than bhagavAn and bhAgavathas), and be honoured as said in thiruvAimozhi 10.9.10 “padhiyinil pAnginil pAdhangaL kazhuvinar” (in their residences, with all the upachArams (reverences), they washed the feet of the mukthAthmA who is arriving newly). Like it is said in thiruvAimozhi 1.1.1thozhudhezhen mananE” (Oh my mind! worship him and rise), As AzhwAr who was as said in thaiththirIya upanishath “asannEva” (When a person does not know about God, he is as good as matter), became uplifted by worshipping him, nithyasUris uplift themselves by worshipping those who sing nammAzhwAr‘s thiruvAimozhi.
  • vIRRiruppArE – As bhagavAn has the throne of supremacy, these devotees have the throne of servitude. vEdham says “sasvarAt bhavathi” (that mukthAthmA becomes independent). vIRRu – distinguishing factor.

AzhwAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
emperumAnAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
piLLAn thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nanjIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nampiLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
periyavAchchAn piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam

In the next article we will enjoy the next decad.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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Arththi prabandham – 37

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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Introduction

mAmunigaL assumes that SrI rAmAnuja tells him something. This pAsuram is a reply to what SrI rAmAnuja might have been thinking in his mind. SrI rAmAnuja says, “hey! mAmunigaL ! You are talking about the bad effects of the senses and eventually scared about it. Do not worry. I will not make you fall prey to wrath of senses and sins. Yet, the reason I am still keeping you, who fears a lot, in this mundane earth is as follows. There is a phrase “Arththi adhikAra pUrththikkenumadhu mukhyam”, according to which one should earn Arthi (interest) and adhikAram (qualification to be liberated and go to paramapadham). Till that time both of them happens, one has to stay here in this earth. Hence, once you have the highest interest to go to paramapadham and you are really deserving in terms of qualification, I will ensure that you reach mOksham (paramapadham). Till that time, you will have to be here”. mAmunigaL replies, “hey! SrI rAmAnuja! I have never had any qualification anytime in my life hitherto. With that said, what kind of qualification I am going to get in the future? What is the reason you are not creating the desired qualifications for me? Why are you not annihilating all the impediments that stand in the way of necessary things needed to get qualified to go to paramapadham? Why are you not destroying those impediments and not taking me to paramapadham yet?

pAsuram 37

inRaLavum  illAdha adhikAram mElum enakku
enRu uLadhAm sollAy ethirAsA
kunRA vinaiththodarai vettivittu mElai vaikunthaththu
ennai kaduga yERRAdhadhu yEn?

Word-by-Word Meanings

sollAy – (emperumAnArE!) please tell me this.
inRaLavum – Till now
illAdha adhikAram – (I have had) no qualification (to go to paramapadham)
mElum – (this being the case) from now on
enakku – For me
enRu uLadhAm – when will it happen? When will or will it ever happen? Will I ever get qualified to go to paramapadham? (Will it happen now, given that it has not happened anytime ever in my earlier lives)
ethirAsA – hey emperumAnArE!!!
yEn? – why are you?
kaduga ennai yERRAdhadhu – not quickly taking me unto
mElai – the greatest
vaikunthaththu – paramapadham
vettivittu – (by) cutting asunder
kunRA – the undiminishing
vinaiththodarai – bondage of sins

Simple Translation

In this pAsuram, mAmunigaL asks SrI rAmAnuja as to what is the reason the latter is no annihilating the undiminishing group of sins? What is the reason SrI rAmAnuja is not acting quickly to take mAmunigaL to paramapadham. mAmunigaL opines that if qualification is the reason, he says that he will never be qualified to go to paramapadham. He had never had an iota of qualification or deserved to go to paramapadham. He questions SrI rAmAnuja as in how can he get these qualifications in the coming future?

Explanation

mAmunigaL says “As the saying goes “inRu thirunAdumenakkaruLa eNNuginrAy”, what kind of qualification (to go to paramapadham) will I be getting now or in the future, given that I have never had any inking of that in the past? How can the qualification spring up now in my life that has never seen any thing of that sort ever. SrI rAmAnuja!!!! You should tell me about it. My bondage of sins is such that it is never diminishing and is a clear roadblock to aspire to go to paramapadham as they say “thonmAvalvinai thodar”. Why are you not annihilating these sins and take me to the greatest paramapadham that is described as “mElai vaikunthathiruththum (thiruvAimozhi 8.6.11)”. Why you are not taking me to paramapadham? I have lot of interest to go to paramapadham. Why are you not taking me immediately and still having me in this earth that is plagued by ignorance? I do not have any power and only you have all the power to effect anything in this regard? What is the reason that you are not taking the necessary steps to make me go to paramapadham?

adiyEn santhAnam ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
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SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org