thiruvAimozhi – 3.7.9 – kulam thAngu

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Third Centum >> Seventh decad

Previous pAsuram

vishnu-holding-chakram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In ninth pAsuram – AzhwAr says “Those who are servitors of the SrIvaishNavas who serve emperumAn seeing the divine combination of his hand and the sudharSana chakra in the hand, are our masters”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr says “emperumAn who has the utmost purity to eliminate the defects that arise out of their birth etc; those who enjoy such emperumAn as ananyaprayOjanar (those who are without any expectation) are my lords for 3 levels [i.e., we will serve the servitors of servitors of servitors of emperumAn]”.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

pAsuram

kulam thAngu sAdhigaL nAlilum kIzh izhindhu eththanai
nalam thAn ilAdha saNdALa saNdaLargaL Agilum
valam thAngu sakkaraththaNNal maNivaNNaRkALenRu uL
kalandhAr adiyAr tham adiyAr em adigaLE

Listen

Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

kulam – (by anulOma vivAham (brAhmaNa man marrying khsathriya/vaiSya/SUdhra woman, kshathriya man marrying vaiSya/SUdhra woman, vaiSya man marrying SUdhra woman) and prathilOma vivAham (SUdhra man marrying vaiSya/kshathriya/brAhmaNa woman, vaiSya man marrying kshathriya/brAhmaNa woman, kshathriya man marrying brAmaNa woman)) for all clans
thAngu – being the anchor
sAdhigaL – varNams (classes)
nAlilum – in four of them
kIzh izhindhu – below them
eththanai nalam thAn ilAdha – being totally ignorant (that “we are very low by birth”)
saNdALar – chaNdALa (considering this first chaNdALa to be brAhmaNa)
saNdALargaL Agilum – those who are abandoned by (even such chaNdALa highlighted in previous word)
valam thAngu – being carried on the right side
sakkaraththu – (As said in “SaraNam pavithram” (pure refuge)) very pure/sacred [sudharSana] AzhwAn’s
aNNal – being the lord
maNi – pure like a precious gem (which will purify others who come into contact with it)
vaNNaRku – for the who is having (radiant) form
AL – (we are) SEshabhUthar (servitors)
enRu – thinking that
uL kalandhAr – united with him as ananyaprayOjanar
adiyAr tham – for their servitors
adiyAr – those who are servitors
em – for us
adigaL – lords

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

emperumAn is the lord of very pure/sacred [sudharSana] AzhwAn who is carried on the right side [by emperumAn]; he is having a (radiant) form which is pure like a precious gem (which will purify others who come into contact with it); even for those chaNdALas who are abandoned by some chaNdALas (who are considered better among them), who are totally ignorant (that “we are very low by birth”), who descended below the four varNams due to anulOma, prathilOma marriages. if they think themselves as the SEshabhUthar (servitors) of such emperumAn and unite with him as ananyaprayOjanar, those who are servitors for their servitors, are our lords.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • kulam … – when we keep going below the various clans that are of krama vivAham (intra-class marriage within brAmaNa, kshathriya, vaiSya, Sudhra), anulOma vivAham (brAhmaNa man marrying khsathriya/vaiSya/SUdhra woman, kshathriya man marrying vaiSya/SUdhra woman, vaiSya man marrying SUdhra woman) and prathilOma vivAham (SUdhra man marrying vaiSya/kshathriya/brAhmaNa woman, vaiSya man marrying kshathriya/brAhmaNa woman, kshathriya man marrying brAmaNa woman) [rushyaSrunga and yayAthi are the ones who are examples for anulOma and prathilOma marriages] and are anchored by the four varNams;
  • eththanai … – Among the chaNdALa clan, there are those who don’t even have the knowledge and follow the principles of that clan, like we don’t see chaNdALas, they are not even seen by their own community and are even considered as out-caste by the chaNdALas themselves. Such lowly people.

What strength/identity they have which makes them also desirable [for AzhwAr]? AzhwAr explains further saying they have such conduct and also they have the mark of sudharSana chakra and explains it clearly to us.

  • valam thAngu sakkaram – Like periyAzhwAr said in thiruppallANdu 2vadivAy nin vala mArbinil vAzhginRa mangaiyum pallANdu” (long live SrI mahAlakshmi who resides in your divine chest) followed by “vadivAr sOdhi valaththuRaiyum sudar Azhiyum pallANdu” (long live the radiant sudharSana chakra which resides in your radiant right side), AzhwAr too said “thirumArbanai” (one who has SrI mahAlakshmi in his chest) in previous pAsuram and here he says “valam thAngu sakkaram“. For the sarvESvara who is having the divine sudharSana chakra on his right side and the invigorating blue-gem like beautiful form which is the abode for that chakra.
  • AL enRu – AzhwAr says that the servitors of those who consider “serving him with true knowledge is the goal” are my lords. Taking shelter under the one who has the best conduct (of being the servitor) is the only aspect that is required. They are even more desirable than emperumAn himself.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *