yathirAja vimSathi – 17

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Srutyagravedya nija divyagunaswarupaha
Pratyakshatamupagatasthviha Rangaraja
Vasyassada bhavati the Yatiraja thasmath
saktha svakeeyajana papavimochane thvam

(w to w) He Yatiraja – Come  Yathiraja, srutyagravedya  – to which it is proper to know the meanings of Vedanta from Acharyas, nija divyagunaswarupaha –

for himself worthy to experience the attributes of knowledge (jnana) and valour (sakti) etc., one who possesses the nature of instigating the subjects by entering into everybody or those who took refuge of Him, who became servitude to the subject, iha thu – in this world of what?, pratyakshatam upagata – who attained to see by everyone with their eyes, Rangaraja  – Sriranganatha, the – for Yourself, sada  – always, vasyaha – bind to do the work what You entrusted, bhavati  – oneself attains existence. (One feels that he exists by doing the work entrusted to oneself).  thasmath  – Such a person if he being a  servant, svakeeya –  among the servants of Yourself, jana – to those servants, papavimochane thvam  – in eliminating the sins, thvam – by Yourself, sakthaha bhavasi  –will attain valour.

(Commentary) In the last Sloka, it is said that to eradicate the desire in the worldly affairs etc., and to develop the desire to serve the servants of Sri Ramanuja’s servant.  To do these, the mercy of Sri Ramanuja is spoken in the last and penultimate Slokas.  Now in this Sloka, it is established that to do that work, he possesses the valour.  In the word “upagathasthu iha” the naure of greatness of Archa Murthy of Sri Ranganatha who is easily visible to all eyes is highlighted in the letter “thu” . The Supremacy of Lord (Paratvam) and reclining in the milky ocean (Vyuham) are only to those far away from this world.  The Vibhava Avatara like Sri Rama and Krishna which took place in earlier Yugas were only for those living in those Yugas.  Antaryami is to those who do penance of Yoga and only those can see the Lord in their heart and not seen by this worldly eyes.  But Archavatara of Sri Ranganatha is easily accessible to all those in this world without doing any Yoga. Such is the greatness of Archavatara.  Such a Lord is obliged to Sri Ramanuja who can recommend to Him to fulfill the desire – that is the gist of this Sloka. The erudite commentator Tirumazhisai Anna appangar Swami establishes that though liberation can be attained by Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Prapatti Yoga, the fifth Upaya is Acharya who is Sri Ramanuja, and he can recommend for our liberation. If the eradication of sins is attained here, one can do service to Bhagavatas and Bhagavan at Paramapada which is definite and hence in this Sloka the eradication of sin is mentioned.   

Translation by Sri U.Ve.Dr.M.Varadarajan Swami, MA, MA, PhD

Source: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2015/10/yathiraja-vimsathi-tamil-slokam-17/

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