thiruvAimozhi – 3.2.7 – engyAnRu

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Third Centum >> Second decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In seventh pAsuram – AzhwAr pacifies his heart which is longing, with grief, thinking about the enjoyable nature of emperumAn‘s divine feet saying “if we, who are unqualified, desire for him, is there any benefit in that?”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr says “Though the all pervading emperumAn is easily approachable, if we have no means to attain the goal, can we attain him?”.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nampiLLai‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

Seventh pAsuram. On thinking about the enjoyable nature of the divine feet on reciting “nin naRpoRchOdhiththAL” (your beautiful enjoyable radiant divine feet), AzhwAr‘s divine heart starts longing for it with great grief; seeing that, AzhwAr says “Without knowing your nature, if you desire for something good, would you achieve it?”.

pAsuram

engyAnRum nAm irundhirundhu irangi nenjE!
mey gyAnam inRi vinai iyal piRappazhundhi
engyAnRum engum ozhivaRa niRaindhu ninRa
mey gyAnach chOdhik kaNNanai mEvudhumE

Listen

Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nenjE! – Oh heart!
engyAnRum – always
irundhu irundhu – being
irangi – grieving (due to desire for the goal)
mey gyAnam – true knowledge (which is the tool for attaining such goal)
inRi – not having
vinai – due to the sins (that are the hurdles for attaining such goal)
iyal – leading to
piRappu – births
azhundhi – trapped
nAm – we (who have this as the routine)
engyAnRum – all times
engum – in all entities
ozhivaRa – without leaving anything
niRaindhu – fully pervading
ninRa – stayed
mey gyAnam – eternal knowledge
sOdhi – having radiance of
kaNNanai – krishNa (who appeared to be easily approachable by his devotees)
mEvudhumE – when will we reach?

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Oh heart! We are having the routine of always grieving (due to desire for the goal), without having the true knowledge (which is the tool for attaining such goal) and due to the sins (that are the hurdles for attaining such goal) that lead to births; when will (such) we  reach krishNa (who appeared to be easily approachable by his devotees) who is fully pervading at all times in all entities without leaving anything and is having the radiance of eternal knowledge?

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • engyAnRum … – What is the use even if cry greatly life after life?
  • nenjE! AzhwAr says to his heart “Don’t you know you? Previously, were you not always the cause for bondage?” and the heart replies “But, why should we not attain the goal? Is a slightly favourable attitude [towards emperumAn] sufficient to attain the goal?”.
  • mey gyAnam inRi vinaiy iyal piRappu azhundhi – Isn’t this our previous state? We don’t have true knowledge. As said in SrIvishNu purANam 6.5.87 “thadhgyAnam agyAnamathO ‘nyadhuktham” (that knowledge which leads to brahmam is true knowledge, all other knowledge are as good as ignorance), “vidhyAnyA SilpanaipuNam” (Other knowledge are like mundane skills which are useless for self/god realization) – we had some knowledge but we do not have true knowledge. Did we just lack true knowledge? Our state is such that we are assuming births that will lead to sins and again be trapped in bondage.
  • engyAnRum engum ozhivaRa niRaindhu ninRa – pervading at all times in all entities without missing even a single entity.
  • mey gyAnach chOdhik kaNNanai – Are we trying to reach some one who does not know our situation? Though AthmA is eternal, its knowledge is subject to expansion and contraction. Unlike that, krishNa is the one who has radiant true knowledge [at all times]; as said by SakunthalA towards dhushyantha in mahAbhAratham sambhava parvam 38.29 “EkO’hamasmIthi cha manyasE thvam… ” (You think I am alone here, forgetting that bhagavAn is present everywhere and you are committing sins in his presence).
  • nenjE! mey gyAnach chOdhik kaNNanai mEvudhumE – Two explanations for kaNNan (sulabhan (easily approachable), nirvAhakan (controller)) Should we try to reach him thinking that he is easily approachable? Can we reach krishNa who is the controller?

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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