Daily Archives: February 7, 2016

thiruvAimozhi – 2.2.9 – kAkkum iyalvinan

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Second Centum >> Second decad

Previous pAsuram


Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the ninth pAsuram – AzhwAr says “Since emperumAn has creation, sustenance and annihilation under his full control, he is supreme”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr says “In addition to sustenance, creation and annihilation are also under his control”.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


காக்கும் இயல்வினன் கண்ண பெருமான்
சேர்க்கை செய்து தன் உந்தியுள்ளே
வாய்த்த திசை முகன் இந்திரன் வானவர்
ஆக்கினான் தெய்வ உலகுகளே

kAkkum iyalvinan kaNNa perumAn
sErkkai seydhu than undhiyuLLE
vAyththa thisai mugan indhiran vAanavar
AkkinAn theyva ulagugaLE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

kAkkum iyalvinan – has “protecting (others)” as a natural quality
kaNNan – who is krishNa
perumAn – sarvESvaran (supreme lord)
sErkkai seydhu – (during annihilation, the unmanifest matter as said in “thama EkIbhavathi“) to merge
than undhi uLLE – inside his divine navel
vAyththa – fit (for creation)
thisai mugan – chathur muka (four headed) brahmA
indhiran – indhra
vAnavar – dhEvas
theyva ulagaugaL – their celestial worlds
AkkinAn – created them

Simple transalation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

sarvESvaran krishNa who has “protecting others” as a natural quality, lets the matter which is in unmanifest state without names/forms during annihilation to submerge in him; he subsequently creates brahmA, indhra, other dhEvathAs, the celestial worlds which are their habitats, inside his divine navel.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

  • sErkkai seydhu – “thama EkI bhavathi” (everything becomes unmanifest matter) is quoted.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • kAkkum iyalvinan – As said in “na sampadhAm samAhArE”  (no one other than emperumAn has the talent to save/protect wealth), emperumAn is the one who has the action of protecting others as a natural aspect.
  • kaNNa perumAn – it is for this specific purpose of protecting (his devotees and earth), supreme lord  descended as krishNa
  • sErkkai seydhu – During annihilation, he submerges the visible material realm which is an effect (from the cause – primordial matter) into his body.
  • than … ulagugaLE – In the lotus flower in his divine navel, he creates brahmA and explains him the process of creation; brahmA who is most intelligent (and blessed) then creates indhra, the other dhEvathAs, their residences etc., in proper order/structure.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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upadhESa raththina mAlai – 67

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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pAsuram 67

AchAriyargaL anaivarum munnAsariththa
AchAram thannai aRiyAdhAr – pEsuginRa
vArththaigaLaik kEttu maruLAdhE pUruvargaL
seerththa nilai thannai nenjE sEr.                                       67


Word by word meaning

maruLAdhE – Do not be shaken/confused by
vArththaigaLaik kEttu – hearing the words of
pEsuginRa – what is said by
aRiyAdhAr – those who have not learned about
AchAram thannai – the conduct
Asariththa – applied in practice
AchAriyargaL anaivarum – by all the pUrvAchAryas (preceptors)
mun – earlier;
nenjE – Oh mind!
sEr – reach the
seerththa – superior
nilai thannai – state of conduct
pUruvargaL – of the preceptors (pUrvAchAryas).


Your highness divined in earlier pAsuram ‘gyAnam anuttAnam ivai nanRagavE udaiyanAna guruvai adaindhakkAl [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 61]’, and ‘Ana adimaigaL seyy(um) annilaiyai [upadhESa raththina mAlai – 66]’, that only AchAryan is the means and destiny. (But) others are considering emperumAn only as means and destiny.

Between these two, what is the way – he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) talks to his mind, the means and goal mentioned in the two sentences of dhvayam would not stop without going up to the last stage (considering means and goal as AchAryan), so these are the words of those who do not know this.

As said in ‘athra parathra chApi [sthOthra rathnam – 2]’ (in material world and in paramapadham), since gratefulness towards divine feet of AchAryan is present in the AthmA (until eternity – yAvadhAthmabhAvi) whether being here are there, and even after going there, one performs kainkaryam to Him as part of AchAryan’s happiness, considering that happiness as the goal.

So, he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is saying, so do not become ignorant after listening to their words that are different, and do follow the conduct of precepts who remove the ignorance.

AchAryargaL anaivarum, etc. – There are – not just one or two, but – starting from SrI madhura kavigaL, nAthamunigaL, upto thiruvAimozhip piLLai are our AchAryas before us, who, for us who have come after them, to be able to follow, have as successive tradition (paramparA) followed the service to their AchAryan’s divine feet as their kainkaryam, and the AchAryan’s divine feet as the means as said in ‘pidiththAr pidiththAraip paRRi [thiruvAimozhi 6.10.11, and, iyal sARRu]’, and so they all have bestowed this to us in the same way, and they all also followed it as said in ‘AcharathIthyAchAra: [vyuthpathti – root]’ (AchAram is doing that in action) – consider such pure conduct that matches the knowledge gained;

acharyas_paramparai_gifChain of preceptors

aRiyAdhAr – Those who have not known this by going close to those AchAryas, as students and staying, learning, seeing, and hearing from the AchAryas.

pEsuginra vArththaigaLai – As said in ‘kURum samayangaL [rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 46]’ (the other philosophies), having only formation of words (yukthi sAram), and without meanings, and of shallow knowledge, the words they say that occurred to their bad mind;

vArththaigaLaik kEttu maruLAdhE – So do not confuse yourself hearing their words that have no basis. They are the ones who would be like ‘Apaththaip pOkkik koLLugirOm enRu bhramiththu [SrI vachana bhUshaNam – 63](getting confused thinking they are getting rid of danger (and doing something that which creates danger), and would be ‘uthkrushtamAga bhramiththa [SrI vachana bhUshaNam – 213] (~thinking that they are of higher birth).

So their words also would be of confusion.

Since they are ‘kEttu aRiyAdhAr pEsuginRa varththaigaL(words of those who have not learned in aforementioned ways), such words would be such that they would create destruction of knowledge.

Unlike (will be) said in ‘pUruvAchAriyargaL bhOdham anuttAnangaL kURuvAr vArththaigaLaik koNdu neer thERi [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 72]’ (learn as is from those who say according to what they learned from the preceptors), those others are not that way where it enlightens. So do not get confused and end up going in any which way by listening to those others;

pUruvargaL seerththa nilai thannai nenjE sEr – That is, being like madhurakavi AzhvAr, and having glorious history – that is our pUrvAchAryas; Oh mind! Be determined to think about their state (nishtai).

seermai – Glory of it is the glory shown in the ‘seerththa madhurakavi sey kalai [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 26]’ (prabandham of glorious madhurakavi AzhvAr); (that is, about servitude to AchAryan).

nilai – is nishtai – that is, what is shown in the three words of thirumanthram that are SEshithvam (being the chief), SaraNyathvam (being the shelter), and prApyathvam (being the destiny) – instead of stopping these at the level of prathama parvam (first stage, that is emperumAn), inquiring and taking it to the level of charama parvam (ultimate stage, that is AchAryan) – the AchAryas‘ state of being in that ultimate state as per the meaning shown by those three words.

Oh mind! You are the instrument for me who am interested in that glorious state.  You get that state and keep to be within you.

Or, as said in ‘adai nenjamE’ (Oh mind! reach it), he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is saying ‘aththai chenRu sEr’ (go and reach that (state)).

Like one would try to safe keep their artham (wealth) in mountains and caves, he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is trying for his mind to keep the glorious state, his mind that would not get shaken up by the words of those other who have not learned from AchAryas, his mind that would not shake even if a mountain is shaken (malai kalanginAlum manam kalangAdhu).

By this, it establishes that glorious practices are what need to be done.

– – – – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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