upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 21

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pAsuram 21

AzhvAr thirumagaLAr ANdAL madhurakavi
AzhvAr ethirAsarAm ivargaL – vAzhvAga
vandhu udhiththa mAthangAL nALgaL thammin vAsiyaiyum
indha ulagOrkku uraippOm yAm                                                           21


Word by word meaning

thirumagaLAr – divine daughter, that is,
ANdALsUdikkoduththa nAchchiyAr, and
madhurakavi AzhvAr, and
ethirAsarSrI bhAshyakArar (emperumAnAr),
Am ivargaL – so these three,
vAzhvu Aga – for the people of this world to gain the true goal,
vandhu udhiththa – they came and divined their incarnation,
yAm – we
uraippOm – shall say
indha ulagOrkku – to those in this world (about the)
vAsiyaiyum – greatness of those
mAthangaL – months
nALgaL thammin – and days (of incarnations).


Thus in the last five pAsurams after he talked about this AzhvAr’s (periyAzhvAr) greatness through the greatness of his birth star day, now as he had mentioned near the beginning of this prabandham as ‘anthamizhAl naR kalaigaL Ayndhu uraiththa AzhvArgaL’ through ‘vandhu udhiththa mAthangAL nALgaL thammai maNNulagOr thAm aRiya eedhu enRu solluvOm yAm’ [upadhESa raththina mAlai – 5], and as per that intention of going in the order of the months/start days, he talked in detail about AzhvArs’ months and days of incarnation,

and now he vows to talk about the order of months and days of incarnations of ANdAL, madhurakavi AzhvAr, and ethirAsar.

AzhvAr thirumagaLAr etc. Since these three stayed firm in AchArya AbhimAnam (being cared by AchArya and fully dependant on AchArya), and are incarnations of pirAtti (bhUdhEvi), thiruvadi (garudAzhwAr), and thiruvananthAzhvAn (AdhiSEsha) respectively, they can be grouped together in this special way!

periyazhwar-andalAzhvAr thirumagaLAr ANdAL

ANdaL: ‘vittu chiththar thangaL thEvarai [nAchchiyAr thirumozhi – 10.10]’ ( (if) vishNu chiththar (periyAzhvAr) brings his lord (then we will be able to have His darshan)),

madhurakavi AzhvAr: ‘thEvu maRRaRiyEn [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 2]’ (do not know any other lord (than nammAzhvAr)),

nammazhwar-madhurakavi-nathamunimadhurakavi AzhvAr (with nammAzhvAr)


ethirAsar: ‘adi paNindhu uyndha [rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 1]’ (reached the true goal having reached the divine feet of mARan (nammAzhvAr));

emperumAnAr-nammAzhwArethirAsar with nammAzhvAr

These three belong to ‘adi paNindhu uyndha‘ (became glorious by taking shelter of AchArya) group.

As said in ‘anantha: prathamam rUpam [nAradheeyam. yAdhavAdhri mahAthmiyam 1.32]’ (thiruvananthAzhvAn first mUrththy), etc., and ‘aheenAmeeSvar SrImAnAseeth rAmAnujO muni: ’ (rAmAnujar is being the head of serpents). The greatness of other two is given in detail in guruparamparA prabhAvam. So he divines the incarnation of these three.

AzhvAr thirumagaLAr ANdAL – bhUmi pirAtti as ANdAL incarnated as divine daughter of periyAzhvAr. Like (seethA) pirAtti incarnating as janaka rAjan’s divine daughter. They incarnated, not from a womb (not based on karma), in vEndhar kulam (king’s lineage), and vEyar kulam (periyAzhvAr’s clan).

madhurakavi AzhvAr madhurkavi azhvar is ‘then kurugUr nambikku anbanAi [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 11]’ (devoted to then kurugUr nambi (nammAzhvAr)), like how ‘padaiththAn kavi [thiruvAimozhi 3.9.10]’ ((nammAzhvAr is) poet of emperumAn) {That is, madhurakavi AzhvAr is to nammAzhvAr, what nammAzhvAr is to emperumAn}.

Unlike saying what ever came to mouth, he is like ‘kurugUr nambi pAvin innisai pAdith thirivanE [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 2] (will sing nammAzhvAr’s pleasant pAsurams), having such delicateness of words. That is, ‘nambi enRakkAl aNNikkum amudhu Urum en nAvukkE [kaNNinuN chiruthhtAmbu – 1]’ (~ saying the word (then kurugUr) nambi would make nectar spring in my tongue).

ethirAsar Am ivargaLemperumAnAr who is the head of yathis (saints) .

In this way the three having such greatness –

vAzhvAga vandhu udhiththa – Rose as a wealth for the world; they are the wealth for sarvEsvaran who incarnated as the wealth for the world; and they are the wealth for sAthvikas (ones having tranquil nature / {SrIvaishNavas} ).

As said in ‘vakuLAbharaNAnghriyugmam [parAnkusa ashtakam – 1]’ (of divine feet of nammazhvAr), and ‘mEvinEn avan ponnadi meymmaiyE [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 2]’ (surrendered to his beautiful feet, and this is the truth), and ‘mARan adi paNindhu uyndhavan [rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 1]’ ((emperumAnAr) surrendered unto AzhwAr’s feet and attained the true goal), they are like the divine feet of nammAzhvAr.

Not only that, as they have surrendered and be like a sandal on AzhvAr’s divine feet, and so they are compared to the lines in the divine feet, and as the protection for the feet; so he divined ‘pon adiyE nanthamakkup pon [thiruvAimozhi nURRanthAdhi]’ (AzhvAr’s beautiful feet is our wealth/beauty);

Apt living and reaching [of the goal] are by being a servant of that feet, isn’t it?

In this way the three of them incarnated as the wealth of SrIvaishNavam, for enriching SrI vaishNava SrI (wealth of SrIvaishNavam).

Their –

mAdhangaL nALgaL thammil vAsiyaiyum – (months and days of incarnation; distinguished greatness of those days) – In this way as they incarnated for the world to get the life as the true existent being – the uniqueness of the months and days of their incarnation,

indha ulagOrkku uraippOm yAmFor the ignorant and knowledgeable ones of this world to know well about the greatness of these star days, we who knows the unique differences/greatness of these days of incarnation of ANdAL et al., shall talk about it to you whether you asked for it or not;

Isn’t it AchAryas’ ways to teach the sentient after seeing their humility as said in ‘aRiyAdhana aRivikkai [SrI vachana bhUshaNam -14] (teaching them what they are ignorant about).

– – – – –

English Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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One thought on “upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 21

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