srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:
Introduction for this pAsuram
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
No specific introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
In ninth pAsuram – AzhwAr says that while removing the obstacles and bestowing the eternal kainkaryam for those who approach him, emperumAn does that being together with periya pirAttiyAr (srI mahAlakshmi) with fondness.
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Ninth pAsuram – When asked “Just for surrendering unto him, would he remove the obstacles and bestow the result?”, AzhwAr says “Should we just see him? Should we not see who is accompanying him? The one who said ‘na kaschinnAparAdhyathi‘ (there is no one who does not commit mistakes – srI rAmAyaNam yudhdha kANdam 116.45) is right next to him”.
tharuma arum payanAya
thirumagaLAr thanik kELvan
perumai udaiya pirAnAr
irumai vinai kadivArE
Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
tharumam – dharmams (virtuous processes/means)
arum – difficult to attain
payanAya – the goal that is
thirumagaLAr – srI mahAlakshmi who is the best among women
thanikkELvan – being the singular beloved/intimate husband
perumai udaiya – having the greatness
pirAnAr – sarvEsvaran (srIman nArAyaNan who is the supreme lord)
irumai – puNya (virtue) and pApa (vice) – two types of
vinai – karmas
kadivAr – he will destroy
Simple transalation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
sarvEsvaran srIman nArAyaNan is the singular beloved/intimate husband of srI mahAlakshmi who is the ultimate manifestation of femininity. emperumAn who has such greatness of lakshmI sambandham will bestow the goal which is difficult to accomplish even by most virtuous means and will destroy the karmas that are in the form of puNyam and pApam.
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam
See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
- tharum – he will give. There is no doubt.
- avvarum payanAya – two explanations:
- the goal that are explained in sAsthram as very difficult to accomplish.
- srI mahAlakshmi – the embodiment of the ultimate goal attained through virtuous means; since he is the undisputed/beloved husband of such srI mahAlakshmi – he is the most distinct master. As explained in srI rAmAyaNam AraNya kANdam 37.108 “apramEyam hi thaththEjO yasya sA janakAthmajA …” (that srI rAma’s valour that is inconceivable, that srI rAma who is the dear consort of sIthA dhEvi who is the daughter of janaka mahArAja) – only srIman nArAyaNan has the glory of being the husband of srI mahAlakshmi.
- perumai udaiya pirAnAr – pirAn – upakAraka (one who does favours) – one who is the embodiment of blessing his devotees; pirAn who is great due to being lakshmIpathi (husband of srI mahAlakshmi).
- irumai vinai kadivArE – puNyam and pApam are only different in namesake for those who are seeking mOksham (liberation – eternal kainkaryam in paramapadham), since both bind them in this samsAram. So, bhagavAn removes both of them [arumpadham – In his varadharAja panchAsath slOkam 29 “sadhyas thyajanthi varadha“, vEdhAnthAchAryar explains that puNyam and pApam are like gold and iron shackles respectively since puNyam leads one to svargam and pApam leads one to narakam – as both svargam and narakam are bindings within this material realm, they both are to be given up by mumukshus].
In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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