thiruvAimozhi – 1.4.10 – udal Azhi

srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> First Centum >> Fourth decad

Previous pAsuram


Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In 10th pAsuram – Looking at her mind which is restless on contemplating the servitude towards emperumAn which was discussed in previous pAsuram, parAnkusa nAyaki requests her mind “you sustain me until emperumAn is informed about our state and fulfills our desire”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, she affirms her desires through her mind which goes out of its own desire to kshIrAbdhinAthan (emperumAn in milk-ocean which is in the material realm) who is close-by in comparison to paramapadhanAthan (emperumAn in parampadham which is in the spiritual realm).

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

Similar to nampiLLai‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

10th pAsuram – Some say that “leaving aside other messengers, parAnkusa nAyaki is sending her own mind as messenger”. In such case “vidal” means “hold on to emperumAn“.  Instead, another explanation is given – In the previous pAsuram, after inherent servitude towards him is identified in “vaikkavE vagukkinRu“, just like a calf that would run towards its mother’s breasts, parAnkusa nAyaki‘s mind restlessly starts moving towards emperumAn giving up on the body; at that time, parAnkusa nAyaki says “don’t leave me until our desire is fulfilled”.


udal Azhip piRappu vIdu uyir muthalA muRRumAy
kadal Azhi nIr thORRi athanuLLE kaN vaLarum
adal Azhi ammAnaik kaNdakkAl ithu solli
vidal Azhi mada nenjE vinaiyOm onRAm aLavE

Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Azhi – deep
mada nenjE – Oh (my) humble mind!
udal – in body
Azhi – in the form of a chakram (disc/cyclic)
piRappu – the material realm which is the abode of birth after birth
vIdu – mOksham (liberation) which is being relieved from previously explained cycle of birth
uyir – AthmA which is the enjoyer of bhOgam (in material realm) and mOksham (in spiritual realm)
muthalAy – being the controller of AthmA, etc
muRRumAy – being the prakAri (substratum) for the protection of everything
Azhi nIr – deep water
kadal – in the kshIrArNavam (milk ocean)
thORRi – being visible
athanuLLE – inside that
kaN vaLarum – lying down
adal – being war-ready (towards the enemies of the devotees)
Azhi – chakkaraththAzhwAr’s
ammAnai – master
kaNdakkAl – on seeing him
ithu – (present) suffering
solli – informing (him)
vinaiyOm – us who are having sins (that is the cause for this separation)
onRAmaLavu – until I become united (with him)
vidal – don’t leave

Simple transalation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Oh my deep mind! When you see the master (emperumAn) of the war-ready chakkaraththAzhwAr who is lying down in the milk ocean who is the controller of AthmAs who take birth in this cycle of samsAram to be free from the cycle, and who has become the different forms, etc., you tell him about my present suffering due to my sins and don’t leave him until I become united with him.

From this, it is understood that gataka (AchArya) is very intimate/confidential (like ones own mind) to the sishya.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

Similar to vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • udal Azhip piRappu vIdu – AthmA acquiring different bodies through repeated births – to attain the purushArththams (goals) such as mOksham, etc. Circular births – the beginning and end is unknown. Azhi is also explained as ocean – very deep and countless births. vIdu – mOksham (liberation). It is said like this since the goal of creation (by emperumAn) is to facilitate the jIvAthmAs towards mOksham.
  • vIduyir – another explanation starting with vIdu. vIdu (house) – sarIram. AtmAs residing in the bodies.
  • Ay – become. As explained in thaiththirya upanishath “bahu syAm” (let me become many) – it is the transformation of emperumAn‘s own body [chith and achith – from sUkshma (subtle) state to sthUla (gross) state].
  • kadal Azhi nIr thORRi – creating the single huge deep ocean (water body) and lying down there to perform creation, etc.
  • adal Azhi ammAnai – To protect the ones that are created by him from the predators, he is lying down alert with his hands holding on to the chakram.
  • kaNdakkAl – on seeing him – You will be fortunate to attain the goal (of seeing him) before me.
  • ithu solli – Tell him “vaikkavE vagukkiNru” (created to serve you). Ask him “Isn’t the goal of creation/birth is to perform kainkaryam to you?” as mentioned in srI vishNu dharmam “vichithrA dhEhasampaththir IswarAya nivEdhithum | pUrvamEva kruthA brahman hasthapAdhAdhisamyuthA ||” (Oh brAhmaNa! To offer oneself and other materials, AthmA previously got connected to the amazing body with hands and legs).
  • Azhi mada nenjE – knowledgeable, humble mind. Its also explained as ignorant mind.
  • vinaiyOm onRAm aLavum vidal – While the whole purpose of creation is to reach him and perform kainkaryam to him, I am being separated due to my sins; You have to hold on to him until I reach him.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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About Sarathy Thothathri

Disciple of SrImath paramahamsa ithyAdhi pattarpirAn vAnamAmalai jIyar (29th pattam of thOthAdhri mutt). Descendant of komANdUr iLaiyavilli AchchAn (bAladhanvi swamy, a cousin of SrI ramAnuja). Born in AzhwArthirungari, grew up in thiruvallikkENi (chennai), presently living under the shade of the lotus feet of jagathAchArya SrI rAmAnuja, SrIperumbUthUr. Learned sampradhAyam principles from vELukkudi krishNan swamy, gOmatam sampathkumArAchArya swamy and many others. Full time sEvaka/servitor of SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam. Taking care of portal, which is a humble offering to our pUrvAchAryas. is part of SrI varavaramuni sambandhi Trust ( initiatives.

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